The Two Essential Goals of America’s Schools

  • Every person must be a citizen.
  • Schools must function as much as possible as democracies.
  • Contemporary neglect of social studies endangers our nation’s future.
  • Permission to duplicate, distribute, or reproduce the unaltered entirety of this essay in any format or forum is hereby granted by the author, John Douglas Hoge, Professor Emeritus, Department of Elementary and Social Studies Education, University of Georgia. Abstracts or excerpts also may be published if the full work is cited. This work is the personal opinion of the author and is based on his experience as a social studies educator. For correspondence Dr. Hoge may be reached at jdhoge@uga.edu. Appreciation is expressed to Dr. Dale Greenawald and Dr. Ronald VanSickle and Jane Mathis, Esq., for their helpful review comments.
  • The author does not consider the custodial function and recreational programs as goals of education.

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Married now for just over 50 years, two successful sons with growing families, born in southern Indiana in 1947, I am retired social studies teacher/educator.

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John Douglas Hoge

John Douglas Hoge

Married now for just over 50 years, two successful sons with growing families, born in southern Indiana in 1947, I am retired social studies teacher/educator.

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